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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Before submitting the manuscript, One author should be selected as the corresponding author with contact details: e-mail address and full postal address. All necessary files have been uploaded; the manuscript should Include keywords, all figures (include relevant captions), all tables (including titles, description, footnotes) and ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided. Times New Roman font size 12 should be considered when you write down your paper. The manuscript should be spell-checked, and grammar checked. All references mentioned in the Reference List should be cited in the text, and vice versa, a competing interests statement should be provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare, and reviewer suggestions and contact detail offered, depending on journal requirements.

Plagiarism Policy

The Journal of Biological Studies is dedicated to publishing only original papers. The submitted manuscripts should be original works, and that has neither been published elsewhere nor is under review elsewhere in any other Journal/Conference Proceedings or Books. The article will be crosschecked with CrossCheck - iThenticate plagiarism and Grammarly checker screening software before final publication.

 Article structure:

The article structure should be organized as follow:

1- Abstract

The abstract should shortly describe the purpose of the work, techniques and methods used, major observations with appropriate data and conclusions.  It should not exceed 300 words in length for full manuscript and Review article and 150 words in case of Short Communication. It is preferable no references cited in this section.

2- Keywords

Keywords Immediately after the abstract, about 4-8 keywords should be given. Use of abbreviations should be avoided, only standard abbreviations, well known in the established area may be used, if appropriate. These keywords will be used for indexing.

1-  Introduction

The introduction should state the objectives of the work, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

2- Material and methods

Materials and Methods should provide sufficient details about the materials that used in work and methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference, and if they are quoted directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.

3- Results

Results should be clearly showing the work and concise.

4- Discussion

The discussion should explore the importance of the results of the work. Combined both Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Try to avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

5- Conclusions

The conclusion if it is available of the study may form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Reference Style:

References must be listed at the end of the manuscript. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and Vice Versa). Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Articles submitted for publication, unpublished observations and personal communications should not be included in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text (e.g., A Robert, Griffith University, Australia, Unpublished results or personal communication). Avoid citing a “personal communication” unless it provides essential information not available from a public source, in which case the name of the person and date of communication should be cited in parentheses in the text. For scientific articles, obtain written permission and confirmation of accuracy from the source of a personal communication. The unpublished result which has been accepted for publication in any journal should be cited as “in press”.


All references should follow the following style:

Reference to a journal:

For Published paper:

Kearse, M., Moir, R., Wilson, A., Stones-Havas, S., Cheung, M., Sturrock, S., Buxton, S., Cooper, A., Markowitz, S., Thierer, C.D.T., Ashton, B., Meintjes, P. & Drummond, A. (2012). Geneious Basic: an integrated and extendable desktop software platform for the organization and analysis of sequence data. Bioinformatics 28, 1647–1649.

Note: Use of a DOI number for the full-text article is encouraged. (if available). Note: Authors are also encouraged to add other database’s unique identifier (like PUBMED ID).

For Accepted, unpublished papers.

Same as above, but “In press” appears instead of the page numbers.


  1. Saha, M., Adams, M.L., Nelson, S.C. (2009). Review of digit fusion in the mouse embryo. Journal of Embryology and Experimental Morphology. 49(3), (In press).

Note: Use of a DOI number is encouraged (if available).

Note: Authors are also encouraged to add other database’s unique identifier (like PUBMED ID).

Reference to a book:

Personal Author(s)

Davie, P.J.F. (2002). Crustacea: Malacostraca: Eucarida (Part 2: Anomura, Brachyura). In: Wells, A. & Houston, W.W.K. (Eds.), Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 19.3b. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, pp. 1– 641.

Reference to Web-resource or Electronic articles.

Hugo, J.T., Mondal, S.C. (2006). Parallels between tissue repair and embryo morphogenesis: a conceptual framework. Global Health, 16:4. Accessed 29 March 2012.

Available:  http://www.globalizationandhealth.com/content/1/1/14.



Submission checklist

The following list will be useful during the final checking of an article prior to sending it to the journal for review:

  • One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details, E-mail   address, full postal address, and phone numbers.
  • Graphical abstract
  • Highlights
  • Cover letter
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • All figure captions
  • All tables (including title, description, footnotes)

Further considerations

  • The Manuscript has been 'spell-checked' and 'grammar-checked'
  • All sections of the manuscript must be typed double-spaced and all pages numbered starting from the title page.
  • References are in the correct format for this journal
  • All references mentioned in the Reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa



Changes to authorship

This policy concerns the addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names in the authorship of accepted manuscripts. Requests to add or remove an author, or to rearrange the author names, must be sent to the Editor from the corresponding author of the accepted manuscript and must include: (a) the reason the name should be added or removed, or the author names rearranged and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, fax, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement.

Article-processing charges

JBS welcomes article submissions and papers submitted after May 1, 2022 require an APC (Article Processing Charge) fee of 150$ USD.



Electronic proof will be sent in PDF format to the corresponding author to check for typesetting accuracy. Page proofs are considered to be the final version of the manuscript. With the exception of typographical or minor errors, no changes will be made in the manuscript at the proof stage. The JBS publisher will do everything to get your article corrected and published as quickly and accurately as possible. Therefore, it is important to ensure that all of your corrections are sent to us in one communication.


Privacy Statement

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